Flatulence in adults: causes and treatment

Causes of flatulence

Flatulence is not an independent disease and most often is a complication arising from a violation of digestion and metabolism. As a result, undigested food particles get into the lower intestine, initiating the processes of rotting and fermentation, which is the reason for the active release of gases.

Disturbance of the microflora of the colon, diseases of the digestive system (hepatitis, gastritis, cholecystitis and others) also lead to the occurrence of flatulence. In a healthy intestine, most of the gases are absorbed by the bacteria found in it. In case of imbalance between gas producing and gas consuming organisms, meteorism occurs.

The next common cause of increased gas formation becomes a violation of the motor activity of the intestine or its stretching. This phenomenon often occurs after surgery, often leading to a violation of intestinal motility.Slow motion of food masses triggers fermenting and putrefying processes, and the gas produced in the lumen of the sedentary intestine causes severe pain.

Short-term bouts of flatulence can be observed in a healthy body, for example, after eating certain foods. These include those that contain an increased amount of fiber, as well as legumes, carbonated drinks, rye bread, kvass and lamb meat. In addition, nervous disorders and emotional overloads, which cause a slowdown of motility and spasms of the muscles of the intestine, often lead to increased gas formation.

Treatment of flatulence

In order to avoid relapses and repeated manifestations of flatulence, it is important to thoroughly diagnose the organs of the gastrointestinal tract and eliminate existing diseases in case of detection. To confirm the diagnosis, the patient may be sent for gastroscopy (gastric examination) or colonoscopy (intestinal examination), which are performed using advanced medical equipment.

Often the cause of marked bouts of flatulence becomes gastroparesis or chronic pancreatitis. For the treatment of such diseases used drugs, which include enzymes.Also for prophylactic and therapeutic purposes, patients are encouraged to rationalize nutrition. Products that cause fermentation processes during digestion, such as milk, cabbage and mushrooms, are excluded from the diet. In addition, it is important to exclude products manufactured using fermentation processes - kvass, beer and some others.

To improve digestion, it is recommended to include in the daily diet of fermented milk products, buckwheat and millet porridge, containing bran wheat bread. Raw vegetables and fruits, as well as coffee and tea should be limited. It is important to avoid overeating, eat several times a day in small portions, chewing food thoroughly and not being distracted while eating.

For the purpose of removing accumulated gases from the intestines, it is prescribed to drink decoctions based on cumin, dill, coriander, mint and chamomile. For therapeutic purposes, absorbents are used that absorb gas, for example, activated carbon, but these drugs are often undesirable because they also remove beneficial vitamins and minerals from the body.

After eating, it is recommended to refrain from physical activity for an hour, as well as perform a massage of the abdominal cavity, performing circular strokes with a hand in a clockwise direction.It is also advisable not to wear clothes that crush the stomach and modernize the bowels to normalize its activity.



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