How to choose the right toothbrush?
We all brush our teeth every day. Their health directly depends on this procedure. And that is why it is so important to take a responsible choice of toothbrush. And what should I look for when buying?
What are toothbrushes?
We list the main types of toothbrushes and describe them in more detail.
Today, most people use ordinary brushes, they are the most affordable and affordable.
We list the advantages of such brushes:
- Affordable price.
- Lack of nozzles and other components, which makes use as simple as possible.
- These brushes can be changed more often, and it will not be a blow to the family budget.
- This option is suitable for sensitive gums and teeth with thinned enamel. A person can choose the intensity of cleaning himself and control the process (active and fast movements of the electric brush can cause damage).
Now the disadvantages:
- Thorough and proper cleaning of the teeth with such a brush will be longer.
- An ordinary toothbrush requires self-discipline.In addition, a person must have the skills to properly clean teeth, they are very important.
Many have already managed to get acquainted with electric toothbrushes, and some have appreciated them and are constantly using them. Their difference lies in the fact that the movable head is driven not by human efforts, but by an electric mechanism.
First, we list the advantages of such brushes:
- They do an excellent job with cleansing the teeth, and thanks to the intensive pulsating movements they remove the plaque much better (by the way, this was proved in the course of research).
- This accessory will save time, as the duration of cleaning is reduced by about two times.
- Practically no effort is required from a person.
Now some cons of electric brushes:
- Such brushes are contraindicated for people with hypersensitivity of the gums or thinning of the tooth enamel. Active movements of the bristles can simply wipe off the enamel and severely damage the tissue of the gums. But even normal gums and teeth with frequent cleanings can be damaged, so dentists recommend using electric brushes no more than three times a week.
- Quite a high price. A high-quality electric toothbrush will cost at least 500-700 rubles, and a brush with different functions can cost at least 2-3 thousand (more expensive models can cost more than 5 thousand).
- It will be necessary to change the nozzles on a regular basis, which is rather problematic and costly.
- If any part breaks down, it is quite difficult to find a replacement.
- To some, this option seems uncomfortable and uncomfortable due to strong vibrations.
- In the case of depressurization of the compartment with a battery (and over time it may well occur), the brush can fail.
How to choose an electric toothbrush for teeth? This is a very difficult mechanism, so when you buy should be more careful and pay attention to some points:
- Source of power. Electric brushes work on ordinary replaceable batteries or on the battery. The second option, of course, is most preferable, since it is not necessary to change the batteries, because the battery is recharged from the network and continues to work. In addition, the battery power is much higher, which means that the brush will work better.
- Modes of cleaning. High-quality brushes have several modes of cleaning, for example, "everyday", "gentle", "intensive", "massage" or "polishing". It is very convenient.
- Also, the brush can have several speeds, which is also important, because if you feel that the movements are too intense, you can reduce the speed. Also, you will have the opportunity to increase the speed with heavy soiling.
- Teeth cleaning timer. Some brushes turn off automatically some time later (usually 2 minutes) after the start of the cleaning procedure.
- The nature of the movements of the mobile head. Surprisingly, it can be different. So, some brushes make the most simple movements in a circle in one direction (the so-called 1D-technology). More modern models produce a 2D cleaning, that is, they perform reciprocating movements, which, of course, improves the quality of cleaning. But the best option would be a brush, carrying out the purification of 3D-technology. It will produce not only reciprocating movements, but also pulsating ones, and this will make the procedure as efficient as possible.
- Nozzles High-quality electric toothbrushes have several different attachments, for example, for sensitive teeth, for heavy dirt, whitening, gentle and soft, polishing and some others.In addition, there are also brushes with a set of identical attachments for the whole family of different colors. This is very convenient, because you do not have to buy a few brushes, it will be enough to change the nozzles.
- As for the choice of a particular manufacturer, it is better to give preference to a proven one. Quality brushes produces well-known company "Braun". Her brushes of the Oral b brand are presented in the most various configurations. Manufacturers offer various functions, attachments and modes. The company also produces children's brushes separately.
Electric sound brushes
This brush will not produce any loud noises. The thing is that the movements produced by it are performed at such a speed (it makes at least 18 thousand movements per minute) that sound vibrations arise. Such a high speed provides a special high-frequency generator built into the device.
Thus, cleaning is carried out not only due to mechanical impact, but also due to certain sound vibrations, which help to soften certain types of pollution, as well as negatively affect microbes and bacteria.
An ultrasonic toothbrush will not even touch your teeth, since cleansing is provided by the effect of ultrasonic frequencies (they become possible thanks to a special generator).
We list the advantages of such brushes:
- Contact with the teeth and gums is not required (the nozzle must be located at a distance of 5 millimeters from the surface being cleaned), so that damage is simply impossible.
- Ultrasound has a positive effect on inflamed or damaged gums.
- This brush will effectively remove dirt, even located in the most inaccessible places (for example, between the teeth or under the gums).
- Cleaning teeth is done without the use of toothpaste, which is very convenient and practical.
Now the disadvantages of ultrasonic toothbrushes:
- This option is contraindicated for people with a pacemaker or suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular system.
- The cost of such devices ranges from 5-10 thousand rubles, which, of course, is very expensive.
- This brush is not suitable for cleaning braces or dentures (some of them may be damaged or destroyed).
- The device is undesirable to use in inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity, under the influence of ultrasound, some of them can worsen.
- Dentists do not recommend using these brushes more often 2-3 times a week, so you will need to replace.
Special orothodontic brushes
These brushes are made to order and are designed for people with orthodontic features, such as those who wear braces. As a rule, such brushes have a V-shaped notch on the bristles, which allows you not to hurt or damage the structure.
Ionic brushes appeared relatively recently. The secret of such a brush is that it has a core coated with titanium dioxide. This coating releases negatively charged electrons, which then mix with human saliva and attract positively charged hydrogen ions.
As a result, the harmful acid, which is formed during the vital activity of microbes and bacteria, is neutralized. This brush can be used without toothpaste, it will perfectly cope with the coating and protect the enamel from corrosion.
The bristles of toothbrushes can be different.There are several basic characteristics.
The first important characteristic is stiffness. There are several options:
- Very soft toothbrushes are suitable for people with weak gums and thin enamel. This should be a baby brush for the little ones.
- A soft toothbrush is suitable for the tendency to bleeding gums.
- Medium hard brushes are suitable for many and are the most common.
- Hard brushes are recommended for smokers or people who often use coffee.
- Very stiff brushes are used to clean dentures or prosthetic structures.
The second characteristic is the bristle material. Natural bristles can contain bacteria, wear out quickly and often damage the gums. Synthetic bristles are more preferred.
In terms of length and configuration, they distinguish:
- single-level brushes;
The latter option allows to make purification most effective, as longer bristles will penetrate into hard-to-reach places.
By the number of rows distinguish brushes:
- Monopuchkovye. They are designed for cleaning orthodontic structures.
- Double-row convenient to clean the narrow grooves of the teeth and gingival groove.
- Three row.
- Four-row are the most common.
The working part of the brush
The characteristics of the working part are also important:
- The size should be such that the brush captures 2-3 nearby growing teeth. The optimal length for children is 18-25 millimeters, for adults - 23-30 millimeters. Suitable for children is 7-9 millimeters wide, and 8-11 for adults.
- The form. The working part should be slightly rounded, this will avoid damage.
- The reverse side should be soft and slightly rough so that you can clear the tongue and mucous membranes.
And remember that only the best and suitable brush will ensure the health of your teeth!
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