Malignant Tumor Therapy

Malignant Tumor Therapy

Malignant Tumor Therapy

Malignant Tumor Therapy

 

 

To cure cancer, elimination of all malignant cells is necessary. The main methods of tumor treatment are surgery, radiation therapy (for local and local-regional forms of the disease) and chemotherapy (for systemic diseases). Other important treatments include hormone therapy (for certain types of cancer, such as prostate cancer, breast cancer, endometrial cancer), immunotherapy (monoclonal antibodies, interferons and other biological response modifiers and tumor vaccines), differentiating agents such as retinoids and agents, developed on the basis of studying the patterns of cell growth and molecular biology. In general, the treatment process should be coordinated by such specialists as a radiologist-oncologist, a surgeon and an oncologist-chemotherapist. Methods of treatment are continuously developed in the course of numerous scientific studies.At every opportunity, it is necessary to consider and discuss with the patient his participation in a clinical study.

 

Clinically, cure is defined as the stable absence of signs and symptoms of the disease; complete remission or complete response - as the disappearance of clinical signs of the disease; partial response - as more than 50% reduction in the size of the tumor mass. A partial response can lead to a significant relief and prolong the life of the patient, but inevitably come the resumption of tumor growth. "Stabilization" of the disease is determined by the absence of both deterioration and improvement process. Time or survival without signs of disease reflects the interval between the disappearance of the tumor and relapse. Similarly, the duration of the response reflects the time interval from the receipt of the response to the progression of the disease. Life expectancy reflects the time interval from diagnosis to death.

 

Survival without signs of disease often serves as an indicator of cure and depends on the type of malignant disease. For example, lung cancer, bladder cancer, testicular tumors are considered cured if there is a 5-year-old interval free of the disease.However, breast cancer may recur even after a 5-year remission, therefore, with this disease, a 10-year interval free of the disease is a more accurate indicator of cure.

 

When deciding on the initiation of treatment, it is necessary to determine the likelihood of side effects and the likelihood of a favorable outcome. This requires a frank discussion and, possibly, the participation of the entire team of oncologists. Patient preferences on how to live the rest of life should be determined before the start of treatment and, despite the difficulties, the possibility of death is discussed. Further more, look at similar articles on the treatment of malignant tumors, which are located below.



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