Secrets of growing chic tradiskantsii
The attractiveness of the Tradescantia lies in the densely branching falling stems with unusual leaves that adorn any interior. This houseplant is very popular among many florists. Most often, the flower is grown as an ampelous plant in hanging vases or pots and is used for decorating walls.
Tradescantia is also called "woman's gossip." This is due to the fact that the adult plant has long stems, with densely spaced leaves that intertwine with each other so much that it is simply impossible to find the beginning and end of the plant.
Tradescantia is a perennial evergreen plant belonging to the Commelinaceae family. Under natural conditions, the flower grows in the tropics and subtropics of South and North America. Most of the species die during freezing, but there are also those that can overwinter in the open ground.
Many types of Tradescantia are grown at home. Here are the most popular ones.
- Belotsvetkovaya tradescantia - the most common species that grows with minimal sunlight. Shoots are thin long creeping with soft and shiny little leaves that can be green, white-green or tri-colored with a golden stripe. In spring, white small flowers appear on the plant.
- Tradescantia river differs from the white-flowered leaf color. From above they are dark green, and the lower part is purple-red.
- Tradition of Blossfeld looks unusual and differs from previous varieties with stems and leaves, completely covered with thin hairs, which give the plant a "fluffy" appearance. On the shoots formed a large number of lilac-pink flowers. The variegated variety of this species looks no less impressive - beige-green leaves, covered with pinkish top.
- Zebraine tradescantia has an unusually bright color. The upper side of the sheet is of lilac color, on which two wide longitudinal stripes of silver color are effectively distinguished.
- The tradescantia of sillamontana is all enmeshed in the finest white threads, as if wrapped in felt. This allows the plant to retain moisture well and protect it from scorching sunlight. With minimal illumination, the felt coat becomes thinner. The stems of the flower are straight, so this species is not used as an ampel plant.
- Tradescantia navicular has unusual leaves, thick and fleshy, in shape resembling boats, planted one on the other. Leaflets have a brownish-green color, on which are located small light spots, creating the effect of a marble pattern. The lower part is painted in purple.
- Tradescantia thick is a moisture-loving flower, having fleshy long leaves (5-15 cm), growing without a handle. Young leaves are always folded into a tube. The plant likes bright lighting, but in direct sunlight the foliage begins to fade and becomes almost translucent.
As easy as pie
How to grow a beautiful flower with a lush crown? There is nothing complicated about it. For breeding, trimmed stems are taken that are easily rooted in water or soil.
Young shoots pricked the tops, so that the flower quickly expanded, and new processes appeared. Regular prischipka is extremely important for the plant.As a result of this procedure, new shoots appear with fresh leaves, and the flower itself is thus also rejuvenated.
How is the pinching done? It is necessary to carefully pinch off the stem over any leaf in the upper part of the plant or where the internodes are formed. In just a few days, new shoots will appear in this place.
The resulting cuttings after pinching must be put in water, and in a short time the roots will appear on them. Subsequently, they are planted in separate pots or planted to the parent plant. Thus, a more magnificent and attractive flower is obtained.
With all the simplicity of caring for Tradescantia, it has one drawback - the ability to quickly grow old. The flower loses its decorative effect - the leaves at the base of the shoots dry out and the stems become bare. To avoid this, the plant each year must be transplanted into fresh ground, and the shoots shortly cut. After 4 years, the old flower is replaced with a new one, obtained from rooted cuttings.
Many growers love Tradescantia for its unpretentious nature. The flower does not require special care and grows well with minimal sunlight. Variegated species require more light.However, here you have to be careful, because with an overabundance of sun rays, the leaves begin to burn out.
Flower tolerates lowering the temperature in winter. Indoor species of plants can develop at 15-25 ∞С. The variegated varieties are more thermophilic.
In the summer, this representative of the flora will feel well on the balcony, but care must be taken that no direct rays fall on it. In the garden to plant a flower is not recommended, since a strong wind can break thin stems. In addition, this plant is "loved" by various pests, such as: aphids, slugs and others.
Hydration of the soil and plant nutrition
Watering the Tradescantia at home is carried out regularly. During the summer, humidification should be abundant, in autumn and winter time - moderate. But you need to make sure that the water does not stagnate in the pot. Otherwise, the roots will rot, and this will lead to the death of the flower. If there is dry air in the room, frequent spraying should be done so that the tips of the foliage are not dry and brown.
It is not necessary to feed this flower at all, however, in spring and summer, when flowering and active growth occur, it is desirable to apply complex mineral fertilizers once a month.With more frequent and excessive fertilizing, bright foliage can lose color and deform.
The flower is unpretentious in relation to the soil. It is suitable nutrient and loose soil. A specialty store sells a ready-made peat substrate.
You can prepare the soil yourself. For this it is necessary to take the land from the garden plot and mix it with humus and peat in a ratio of 2: 1: 1.
Some useful tips
When growing any indoor plants, even unpretentious, there may be some problems. Unfortunately, this also applies to Tradescantia. So, if the plant:
- Leaves begin to turn yellow. This may be due to the appearance of pests: mites or scutes, which suck the juice from the stems and leaves. These parasites do not tolerate high humidity, therefore regular spraying of the plant is considered the best prevention. To combat them, you can use soap. Liquid solution wipe all the leaves. Or used chemicals that are sold in a flower shop.
- Leaves become sluggish. This is due to insufficient watering.The flower roots are located close to the surface, so overdrying the soil is dangerous for them. Moistening should be carried out as the soil dries, or rather its top layer.
- Foliage begins to lose color. Variegated species may lose their brightness due to lack of lighting.
- Not growing foliage. Most often this occurs when there is a shortage of light and power. With sufficient light and regular dressings, the flower grows rapidly. To fix the problem you can pinch the plant.
We hope that our advice will help you grow a healthy and lush plant. And with proper care, this overseas beauty will long please you with its chic crown.
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