Traditions and signs of the feast of the Holy Trinity
The Holy Trinity, perhaps one of the greatest and most revered festivals of the Christian church, is celebrated on the fiftieth day after the Jewish Passover and on the tenth day after the great Ascension.
In principle, it is these two events that are the source of the second name of the Trinity - Pentecost. Its most famous name, the holiday, received on the basis of the fundamental concept of the whole Christian doctrine: faith in God the Father, God the Son, and God the Spirit.
By giving it on this day, the Holy Spirit descended on 12 apostles — the disciples of Jesus Christ — at the promise of God the Son from God the Father. Each year, the date of the celebration of the great holiday changes, exactly as the date of Easter changes, in 2015 it falls on May 31.
According to the book of the Acts of the Apostles, Jesus Christ, while still alive, told his disciples about the upcoming event, so they, in anticipation of a great miracle, on the 50th day after the Resurrection gathered in the Zion room and began to pray.
Suddenly there was an incredible thunder and noise, the sound came as if from the very heavens, powerful wind streams filled the whole room, but the apostles did not stop praying.Suddenly, there were flames that passed between the disciples, stopped for an instant over each of them and filled with the Holy Spirit.
So the disciples waited for the promise of Jesus, and, at the same time, they acquired an amazing ability to preach in various languages, which until that moment were unknown to them. It is believed that the Fire has become a symbol of the Holy Fire, as it has the power to sanctify, cleanse from sins and warm the soul.
Since then, this day is considered the feast of the Holy Trinity, as well as the day of the creation of the Christian church. All subsequent time the apostles were engaged in her dispensation, and, over time, went to preach to other countries. It is worth noting that in our country this celebration greatly merged with the pagan holiday Semik, having absorbed many of its traditions and rituals, which are now associated with the celebration of the Holy Trinity.
How is the celebrated Trinity in the people?
It is believed that the main color of the holiday - green or emerald - the color of grass, lush greenery and foliage, which, just at the peak of its growth in late May and early June.
Temples and churches in the period of the celebration of the Trinity are decorated with hundreds of birch or other branches, the floor is strewn with herbs, flowers are placed in vases as a symbol of renewal of people thanks to the indulgence of the Holy Spirit.According to the tradition, priests should wear green robes, and all-night divine service is performed in churches and temples.
As we have already said, the holiday of the Holy Trinity absorbed a lot of folk traditions and rites, which for a long time were honored and observed in almost every house. Traditionally, Trinity walks were associated with the beginning of summer, that is, with the period when all the heavy agricultural work was over, and therefore many rites are associated with the veneration of nature, vegetation and the power of nature.
Many girls conceived during this period the issue of creating a family, at the same time revered the dead ancestors. Young people started festivities in the fields and forests, for this purpose they specially dressed in everything new and beautiful: the girls sewed outfits, hair was decorated with flowers, wreaths and headdresses, decorated with gold threads.
In the last week before the Trinity, cleaning was started in the houses, the housewives baked scones, pies and cakes, cooked soup and crackers, as well as other goodies. Then, together with all these meals, the families went to the woods, where tablecloths spread and the food flowed, the young people broke into pairs and walked through the woods in search of juicy andbranched birch.
In general, in many areas it is birch - a real symbol of the Trinity, something like a Christmas tree for the New Year. Round the birch, they danced and sang songs, and then curled from the branches, without breaking them off from the tree, wreaths.
Immediately on Troitsyn himself, the young people returned to the forest again - in order to develop wreaths and at the same time tell fortunes for the future share. You could judge your own happiness by the appearance of a wreath: whether it was unraveled by itself or not, dried up or remained green, faded or not, and so on.
In general, weaving wreaths on the Trinity is a whole separate rite, which had different interpretations. The most common option - unmarried girls went to the forest, collected beautiful branches and herbs, made wreaths and on the day of the holiday sent them to float on the river, deciphering their destiny from their movements. In general, the weaving of wreaths was a real event - the girls gathered together.
They dressed all the most beautiful, wove and sang ritual songs. Many things will be associated with the Trinity holiday, most of which are not related to the Christian meaning of the holiday, basically they lifted the curtain of the future and also answered questions that troubled ordinary peasants, for example, what the harvest would be, whether to wait for mushrooms and so on.
Feast of the Holy Trinity today
Of course, very few people nowadays celebrate the feast of Trinity so widely and with so many ceremonies, except in remote places and villages. The majority of believers on the eve go to the night service, decorate houses and apartments with flowers and young sprigs of birch, oak, maple or mountain ash.
Those who cannot attend the temple at night go to the morning festive service, after which they organize a home feast for which guests are invited, give presents to each other, and in some areas even arrange fairs. In the cities, folk festivals are held, which usually include small performances and folk games.
In different countries, the traditions of celebrating the Trinity are different: for example, in Italy, it was decided to scatter rose petals from the ceiling of Spanish churches in memory of descended flames. In France, in honor of the strong wind that accompanied the Holy Spirit, it was decided to blow large pipes.
In England, the "Spiritual Fairs" were held, in which brass bands and choirs took part, the girls were obliged to wear all white. By the way, the traditions of dancing the sea, making beer and arranging archer tournaments are connected with this holiday in England.
But according to the beliefs of the Finns, if you do not find your soul mate before the holiday of the Trinity, then you go through the whole year alone. By the way, not everyone knows that the next day after the Trinity, it is customary to celebrate the Spirits of the day, glorifying the Holy Spirit.
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