What is a Boston Tea Party?
Beginning of the protest in Boston
The inhabitants of the North American colonies of England were extremely dissatisfied with the taxes and duties that their overseas metropolis established for their distant possessions. The immediate cause of the next conflict was a sharp change in the price of tea imported into North America by the British East India Company.
In December 1773, three trading ships of the East India Company moored to the top loaded with tea moored in the port of Boston. A group of Americans protested, demanding to cancel the unloading of goods and return it back to Britain. The owners of the vessels agreed with this question. But the governor of the British colony imposed a ban on the return of ships, while Boston did not pay a fee.The illegal actions of the colonial administration caused widespread protest and indignation of the inhabitants of the city.
Near one of the largest buildings in Boston gathered at least seven thousand people, outraged by the actions of the British administration.The leader of the outraged people, Samuel Adams, called on patriotic supporters for active actions that would help save the country from the illegal actions of the British authorities. The group of patriots that became the core of the protest action is known as the “Sons of Freedom”.
How was the Boston Tea Party?
On December 16, the members of the “Sons of Freedom” association dressed in national costumes of the Indians, armed with clubs and axes, and then made their way aboard tea-loaded ships, frozen in Boston harbor. In just a few hours, protest activists have emptied the holds of all three vessels. More than three hundred boxes of tea, the total weight of which was at least forty-five tons, were thrown overboard.Boxes of tea, which randomly floated around the port, turned the harbor into one giant “cup”, which was the reason for the name of the action - “Boston Tea Party”.
In a sign of solidarity with the action in Boston, many residents of the North American colonies for some time refused to use tea from England. The “tea-drinking” arranged by the indignant colonists greatly frightened the British administration, after which the authorities were forced to make a number of concessions regarding the taxes and fees levied on the colonists.
The bold “Boston Tea Party” aroused enthusiasm among the colonists, who realized that by active actions they were able to influence the policies of the colonial authorities.
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