What tests you need to take during pregnancy

Instruction
Pregnancy is a special period in a woman’s life, and if you want to minimize the development of various complications, you must register with your local doctor as soon as possible and pass on all tests prescribed by him in a timely manner. You have the right to refuse the examination, but first you should know what tests are usually taken during pregnancy and why they are needed.
What tests should be taken during pregnancy? A blood test is done once a trimester and helps to determine the level of hemoglobin, the number of leukocytes, red blood cells, platelets, and ESR - the erythrocyte sedimentation rate. If deviations from the norm are revealed, you will be prescribed medicines to eliminate the cause of this phenomenon. It is very important to know your blood type and Rh, so this examination is carried out twice - in the first and last trimesters.
You must take a biochemical blood test that will allow you to determine the concentration of bilirubin, cholesterol, AST, ALT, protein, urea, glucose, creatinine, PTI, and others. Based on this study, a conclusion is made about the functional state of the female internal organs. A coagulogram is taken once a trimester to determine blood clotting.
The first time you are treated, they will take blood for hepatitis, syphilis and HIV. It is highly desirable to take a test for the TORC-complex, which will determine the presence of pathogens of rubella, herpes, cytomegaly and toxoplasmosis in the blood. You will take a complete urinalysis before each scheduled inspection. According to its results, the doctor will be able to judge the work of the kidneys.
A smear from the vagina, which is taken twice during pregnancy, will make it possible to determine the presence of STD pathogens, which is very important, since most of them can cause fetal developmental disorders and miscarriage. Oncocytology will reveal your cancer. A blood test for hormones is prescribed according to indications. It is possible to determine how the thyroid gland and adrenal glands work by analyzing the urine.
For a period of 14-18 weeks, you will be asked to donate blood at the level of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). In common people, this analysis is called screening. Screening allows you to identify chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus, including determining whether the baby does not have Down syndrome, impaired spinal cord formation, hydrocephalus and others. If the "triple test" shows that there are deviations from the norm, you will be assigned an additional examination - amniocentesis. If, according to the results of the tests performed, your condition or the condition of the baby is recognized as unsuccessful, then you will be taken under special control and will be prescribed drug therapy.


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